Anatolian region

The Anatolian Biogeographic Region is a biogeographic region of Turkey, as defined by the European Environment Agency .

The Anatolian Biogeographic Region covers the interior and east of Anatolia, and excludes the coastal areas along the Black Sea and Mediterranean. It includes the central Anatolian Plateau, the Pontic and Taurus mountains and northern Mesopotamia. It is an area of recently folded mountains formed from sedimentary rocks from the Paleozoic to Quaternary (539 million years ago to the present).

There are many intrusions and broad areas of recent volcanic material including Mount Ararat at 5,137 metres (16,854 ft), but no volcanic activity at present. The area is geologically unstable and very prone to earthquakes. It averages about 900 metres (3,000 ft) above sea level, with rugged terrain surrounding areas of gently sloping or flat land. The main rivers are the Euphrates, Tigris, Kizilirmak and Sakarya.

Most of the area receives low levels of precipitation. There are large differences in temperature between summer and winter. The region provides a biogeographical transition between Europe and Asia, and is home to several mammals originating in North Africa or Asia. There are many endemic species of flora adapted to xerophytic and salt steppe conditions. Threats to biodiversity include agriculture, over-grazing, exotic species, dams and drainage projects.


Partner responsible: Malatya Turgut Ozal Universitesi (MTÜ)

Country Leader: Ibrahim Yanardag


Experimental unit

The experimental area for the pistachio plant will be established in Şanlıurfa province located in the Southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey and is located at 37°09’36”91N 39°04’36”37E. The multi-year average temperature is 18.5 °C and precipitation is 459.3 mm. It is located 547 m above sea level. In the study, organic methods of vermicomposting will be used for the pistachio plant and Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) will be used as an intercropping plant.

Pedoclimatic conditions

Type of soil: mainly Calisols and Leptosols
Mean annual T: 11-12 °C
Mean annual P: 400-500 mm

Key figures

Farming systems: 2 Organic

Crops: Apricot (P) and Pistachio (P)

Crop Link groups: 2

Co-creating workshop: 1

Co-validation workshops: 2



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