Continental region

 

 

The Continental Biogeographic Region is a biogeographic region of Europe that extend in a broad band from east to west through the center of the continent.

The Continental Region extends from central France to the Ural Mountains. The southern part of this region is almost completely separated from the larger northern part by the Alps and Carpathians of the Alpine region and the plains of the Pannonian region. More than 25% of the European Union is in the Continental region. Luxembourg is completely within the region. Large parts of France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Czech Republic and Bulgaria are in the region, as are significant parts of Denmark, Belgium, Austria, Slovenia and Romania. Just 3% of Sweden is in the region.

 

The climate is generally hot in summer and cold in winter, with less variation of temperature in the west, where the Atlantic has a moderating influence. The lands is generally flat in the north and hillier further south, apart from the wide floodplains of the Danube Po rivers.

The region was covered by wetlands and deciduous beech forests after the glaciers of the last ice age retreated. The forests have mostly been cleared to make way for farming and the rivers have been canalized, greatly reducing wetland habitats. Pomerania in Poland and eastern Germany is still thinly populated and holds many lakes, fens and mires. The southern part of the Continental Region has much vegetation in common with the lower levels of the Alpine region and with the Mediterranean region.

In this region, we will carry out field experiments with 9 conventional and 6 organic farming systems covering different crops such as potatoes, maize, soybean, wheat, aromatic plants, barley and sunflowers. We will be creating 3 regional stakeholders communities in Germany, Polland and Ukraine.

Germany

Partner responsible: Agrarunternehmen Starbach Sachsen eG (ASS)

Country Leader: Holger Reinhardt-Weik

Email: agrosus@agrar-starbach.de

Experimental unit

The experimental field is located in the eastern part of Germany near the city of Nossen. Nossen belongs to the Meissen district in the Central Saxon hill country and is 35 km from Dresden. The company cultivates 1,900 hectares. The test field is around 250 m above sea level. In the growing months from March to July, 150 to 350 mm of rain fell in the last three years (January 2020 to December 2022). Global radiation reached an average of 240 W/m² from May to July. A field trial with conventional cultivation of maize, winter barley and winter rapeseed is being carried out at this location.

Pedoclimatic conditions

Type of soil: eroded parabrown earth to Pseudogley made of loess loam (Lö) with strong clayey silt (Ut4)
Mean annual T: 10.3 °C
Mean annual P: 620 mm

Key figures

Farming systems: 3 Conventional 

Crops: Barley (A), Maize (A) and rapessed (A).

Crop Link groups: 1

Co-creating workshop: 1

Co-validation workshops: 2

Ukrania

Partner responsible: Polissia National University (PNU)

Country Leader: Tetiana Fedoniuk

Email: tanyavasiluk2015@gmail.com

Experimental field

The experimental field is located in the northern part of Ukraine (N 50°26′; E 28°42, N 50°31′; E 27°41, N 50°31′; E 27°36), on agricultural lands of Chernyakhiv and Zvygel communities, Zhytomyr district, Zhytomyr Region. The experimental fields are located 221-224 m above sea level on Phaeozems, Albeluvisols еtс. The average temperature for the multiyear April-August is 14,3 C, and precipitation is 294,4 mm. ln this location, a field experiment is carried out with conventional and organic cultivation of сorn, winter cereals and sunflower.

Pedoclimatic conditions

Type of soil: Phaeozems and Albeluvisols
Mean annual T: 7.6 ºC
Mean annual P: 530-550 mm

Key figures

Farming systems: 3 Conventional and 3 organic

Crops: Corn, winter cereals and sunflowerswheat

Crop Link groups: 1

Co-creating workshop: 1

Co-validation workshops: 2

Poland

Partner responsible: Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kollataja W Krakowie (UAK)

Country Leader: Agnieszka Synowiec

Email: agnieszka.synowiec@urk.edu.pl

Experimental field

The experimental field is located in the southern part of Poland in Prusy (N 50°07′; E 20°05′), a few kilometres from Kraków. A whole farm has 112 hectares. The experimental field is located 270 m above sea level on degraded chernozem (Umbrisols–FAO). The average temperature for the multiyear April-August is 14.9 C, and precipitation is 257 mm.In this location, a field experiment is carried out with organic and conventional cultivation of potatoes, soybean, and winter wheat.

Pedoclimatic conditions

Type of soil: degraded chernozem (Umbrisols).
Mean annual T: 8.3 ºC
Mean annual P: 612 mm

Coordinates: 50 07 01N and 20◦05 19 E and is 270 m above sea level.

Key figures

Farming systems: 3 Conventional and 3 organic

Crops: Potato (A), soybean (A) and winter wheat (A).

Crop Link groups: 1

Co-creating workshop: 1

Co-validation workshops: 2

Interviews

 

 

Gallery

 

 A gallery related to Biogeographical Continental region will be display here.

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